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Special Public Relations Project
Polish Consultate OpeningWhen a Polish consulate opened in Ketchum, Idaho, we prepared souvenir booklets for the guests. The hand-made booklets included facts about Poland. They gave a diverse group of guests topics for conversation, and also served to educate them about Poland. Some excerpts from the booklets follow:
Polish Nobel Laureates
Poles have won a total of seventeen Nobel prizes (more than Japan, China, India or Australia), including four peace prizes and six literature prizes. Among the best-known Nobel prize winners today are scientist Maria Sklodowska-Curie; writers Isaac Bashevis Singer, Czeslaw Milosz and Gunter Grass; former Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and freedom fighter Lech Walesa.
Poles and the American Revolution
General Tadeusz Kosciuszko (1746-1817) came to the United States to fight against the British in the Revolutionary War. He planned the fortifications and defenses of Philadelphia, Fort Ticonderoga and West Point. Thomas Jefferson described him as "as pure a son of liberty as I have ever known." He returned to Poland in 1874 and helped with struggles against the tyranny of Russia's Catherine the Great and Napoleon Bonaparte. The highest mountain in Australia, Mount Kosciuszko, is named after him.
Poland´s White Storks
Poland has more storks per square kilometer than any other nation, with more than 40,000 stork couples nesting in the country every year. This is one quarter of the storks in the entire world. Each year more than 100,000 young storks are hatched and bought up in Poland. Most of the storks nest in northeastern Poland, where some villages have more storks than people. The White Stork Museum is located in Klopot.
Poles in History: Mapping the Moon
Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687) published the earliest maps of the moon in 1647. A few of his names for lunar mountains, including the Alps, are still used today and a lunar crater is named after him. He also cataloged 1,564 stars and discovered four comets. He built his observatory on his roof, equipping it with a large Keplerian telescope with a focal length of 150 feet and a wood and wire tube that he personally constructed. A king and queen of Poland visited his observatory on separate occasions.
Most of Poland is flat, with an average elevation of 173 meters. The warmest part of the country is the Silesian Lowland where the average winter is only 60 days long, and the growing season lasts 220 days. The coldest spot is the northeastern corner of Poland near Suwalki, with an average temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit in January. The highest mountain in Poland is Rysy, with an elevation of 2,499 meters - - about 1,000 feet lower than Sun Valley´s Bald Mountain.
Paper Clips and Music
Although Josef Hofmann, born in 1876 in Krakow, was best known as a composer and musician, he also patented more than 70 inventions. Among his creations were windshield wipers and paper clips. He became an American citizen in 1926, and was principal of the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia from 1926 to 1938.